The Forcibly Displaced Myanmar National (FDMNs) – Rohingya people started pouring into Bangladesh since 25 August 2017. This humanitarian crisis caused by escalating violence in Myanmar’s Rakhine State has caused suffering on a catastrophic scale. More than 671,000 new Rohingya people had fled across the border from Myanmar to Bangladesh. As of 9 Jan 2019, 909,0003 Rohingya / FDMNs are living in different camps and host communities in Cox’s Bazar district of Bangladesh. Twelve percent of refugee households are reported to have a family member with a permanent disability4, 17%
of families have a temporary disability from injury, predominantly caused by gunshots, shrapnel, fire, landmines5 or the exodus. In December 2017, a rapid assessment6 was conducted by CDD and ASB on the situation of people with disabilities in the refugee camp. It found that the majority of the persons with disabilities and older age population were not able to reach the service providers. Few services are accessible to persons with functioning limitation, such as toilets, water sources, access around camps and distance to health and distribution points; this directly impacts person with disabilities and older persons ability to meet their needs;People with disabilities are not aware of specialized health services, including opportunities for accessing assistive devices to meet their needs. The persons with disabilities were in dire need of health and rehabilitation services. Most of the Rohingya people were found suffering from different forms of trauma and mental health problems. It was hence absolutely imperative that their mental health needs are addressed. Data on persons with disabilities were not available and there were limited awareness and expertise on disability issues among the humanitarian actors. Considering the needs, CDD – CBM started providing services on Health & Rehabilitation, Child-friendly space & learning opportunities and on Disability mainstreaming within humanitarian actors from December 2017. These activities are being implemented at Rohingya Camps and Host Communities. The total number of Rohingya and Host communities who are in need as per the Joint Response Plan (JRP) is a minimum of 1.3 million people. If we consider 10% as persons with disabilities this number is 130,000.
Relief International Assessment Report (2017)UNOCHA (2017, 23 October). Rohingya Refugee Crisis: Pledging Conference. Retrieved from Accessed on December 2, 2017.CDD and ASB rapid assessment on disability in refugee camps in Cox’s Bazaar December 2017
The Rehabilitation services teams comprised of Physiotherapists, Therapy assistants, Occupational therapists, Psychosocial Counselors, Audiometrician, ophthalmologists, and volunteers.CDD has provided different types of Assistive devices in Rohingya and Host Community, including Hearing Aids, Walking sticks & frames. There are many cases where Artificial Limbs are required. As the movement of Rohingya refugees is restricted within certain geographical boundary they aren’t able to travel to Dhaka for casting, fitting and gait training. CDD-CBM is the first organization to bring these services within the camp. We organize Prosthetic & Orthotic measurement & fitting camps within the Rohingya Refugee Camp. Similar camps are also organized in the host communities. Psychosocial counselors provide counseling services both at the Rohingya camp and the Host community. CDD is offering vision testing services and provides spectacles. CDD also provides cataract surgery services in partnership with a hospital at Cox’s Bazar through our referral system. Audiometric technicians test hearing loss in specially constructed soundproof rooms in Rohingya and Host Communities. Many persons were provided with hearing aids.
Inclusion of children with disabilities in Child-Friendly Space and Learning Centres
CDD-CBM is operating a ‘Child-Friendly Space (CFS)’ just beside our ‘One-Stop Integrated Health & Rehab Service Centre for all’. The CFS is one of our key programmatic interventions to respond to the learning and recreational needs of the Rohingya children. CFS provides protected environment for children in which they can participate in organized activities to play, socialize, learn, and express themselves. The key principles for planning, developing and operating child-friendly spaces includes the inclusive and non-discriminatory approach. Currently, 100+ Rohingya children including children with disabilities are enrolled in this centre, which operates in 3 shifts.CDD-CBM has entered into partnership with UNICEF to create inclusive environments in existing Learning Centres and Child-Friendly Spaces of its partner organizations in the camps. A total of 100 such centres are targeted.
Disability MainstreamingUnder disability mainstreaming component CDD-CBM are closely working with OXFAM, CARE, IFRC, IOM, UNICEF, and their partner organizations. Under the disability mainstreaming strategy humanitarian organizations/actors are sensitized, the capacity of their staff members on disability inclusion is strengthened through training, development of tools & resource materials, follow-up through our disability inclusion officer and trainers. CDD-CBM engages persons with disabilities as facilitators in different training courses.CDD-CBM is working with different clusters and coordination committees to promote disability inclusion. The Age & Disability Task Force (ADTF) is formed in Cox’s with Humanity & Inclusion, Help Age International, CDD and CBM. There are close communications with the different government authorities including the Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief (MoDMR) to promote disability inclusion.
|Centre for Disability in Development (CDD)||CBM Country Coordination Office|
|A-18/6, Genda, Savar, Dhaka-1340, Bangladesh||H.No-12, Road # 2/A, Block # F,|
|Phone: +88 01713021695||Banani, Dhaka-1213, Bangladesh|
|Email: [email protected], [email protected]||Phone: +88 02 9887251|
|Website: www.cdd.org.bd||Fax: +88 02 9896802|
|Email: [email protected]|
What is CDD doing to help?
Since November 2017, CDD supported by CBM are implementing humanitarian response for the Rohingyas in Cox`s Bazaar. The key activities of the response are provision of medical and rehabilitation services, running of inclusive child friendly space, inclusive education in emergencies as well as technical support to mainstream organisations to include persons with disabilities in their humanitarian response.
Inclusive Humanitarian Actions for Rohynga and Host Community
ToT on ‘Disability Mainstreaming in Humanitarian Actions‘