Inclusive Humanitarian Actions for Rohingya and Host Community in Cox’s Bazar

Background

The Forcibly Displaced Myanmar National (FDMNs) – Rohingya people started pouring into Bangladesh since 25 August 2017. This humanitarian crisis caused by escalating violence in Myanmar’s Rakhine State has caused suffering on a catastrophic scale. More than 671,000 new Rohingya people had fled across the border from Myanmar to Bangladesh. As of 9 Jan, 2019, 909,0003 Rohingya / FDMNs are living in different camps and host communities in Cox’s Bazar district of Bangladesh.Twelve percent of refugee households are reported to have a family member with a permanent disability4, 17%
of families have a temporary disability from injury, predominantly caused by gunshots, shrapnel, fire, landmines5 or the exodus. In December 2017, a rapid assessment6 was conducted by CDD and ASB on situation of people with disability in the refugee camp.It found that majority of the persons with disabilities and older age population were not able to reach the service providers. Few services are accessible to persons with functioning limitation, such as toilets, water sources, access around camps and distance to health and distribution points; this directly impacts person with disabilities and older persons ability to meet their needs;People with disabilities are not aware of specialized health services, including opportunities for accessing assistive devices to meet their needs. The persons with disabilities were in dire need of health and rehabilitation services.Most of the Rohingya people were found suffering from different forms of trauma and mental health problems. It was hence absolutely imperative that their mental health needs are addressed.Data on persons with disabilities were not available and there were limited awareness and expertise on disability issues among the humanitarian actors.Considering the needs, CDD – CBM started providing services on Health & Rehabilitation, Child friendly space & learning opportunities and on Disability mainstreaming within humanitarian actors from December 2017. These activities are being implemented at Rohingya Camps and Host Communities.The total number of Rohingya and Host Community who are in need as per Joint Response Plan (JRP) is minimum 1.3 million people. If we consider 10% as persons with disabilities this number is 130,000.https://www.humanitarianresponse.info/sites/www.humanitarianresponse.info/files/documents/files/iscg_situation_report_10_jan_2018_0.pdf
Relief International Assessment Report (2017) UNOCHA (2017, 23 October). Rohingya Refugee Crisis: Pledging Conference. Retrieved from https://www.unocha.org/rohingya-refugee-crisis/rohingya-refugee-crisis-pledging-conference. Accessed on December 2, 2017.CDD and ASB rapid assessment on disability in refugee camps in Cox’s Bazaar December 2017 https://www.humanitarianresponse.info/en/operations/bangladesh/document/age-and-disability-inclusion-rapid-assessment-report

The Rehabilitation services teams, comprise of Physiotherapists, Therapy assistants, Occupational therapist, Psychosocial Counselors, Audiometrician, Ophthalmologist, and volunteers.CDD has provided different types of Assistive Device in Rohingya and Host Community, including Hearing Aids, Walking sticks & frames. There are many cases where Artificial Limbs are required. As movement of Rohingya refugees are restricted within certain geographical boundary they aren’t ableto travel to Dhaka for casting, fitting and gait training. CDD-CBM are the first organization to bring these services within the camp. We organize Prosthetic & Orthotic measurement & fitting camps within the Rohingya Refugee Camp. Similar camps are also organized in the host communities.Psychosocial counsellors provide counselling services both at Rohingya camp and Host community. CDD is offering vision testing services and provides spectacles. CDD also provides cataract surgery services in partnership with a hospital at Cox’s Bazar through our referral system. Audiometric technicians test hearing loss in specially constructed sound proof rooms in Rohingya and Host Communities. Many persons were provided with hearing aids.

Inclusion of children with disabilities in Child Friendly Space and Learning Centres

CDD-CBM is operating a ‘Child Friendly Space (CFS)’ just beside our ‘One Stop Integrated Health & Rehab Service Centre for all’. The CFS is one of our key progra mmatic interventions to respond to the learning and recreational needs of the Rohingya children. CFS provides protected environment for children in which they can participate in organized activities to play, socialize, learn, and express themselves. The key principles for planning, developing and operating child friendly spaces includes the inclusive and non-discriminatory approach. Currently 100+ Rohingya children including children with disabilities are enrolled in this centre, which operates in 3 shifts.CDD-CBM has entered into partnership with UNICEF to create inclusive environments in existing Learning Centres and Child Friendly Spaces of its partner organizations in the camps. A total of 100 such centres are targeted.

Disability MainstreamingUnder disability mainstreaming component CDD-CBM are closely working with OXFAM, CARE, IFRC, IOM, UNICEF and their partner organizations.Under  the  disabilitymainstreaming strategy humanitarian organizations / actors are sensitized, capacity of their staff members on disabilityinclusion are strengthened through training, development of tools & resource materials,follow-up through our disability inclusion officer and trainers. CDD-CBM engages persons with disabilities as facilitators in different training courses.CDD-CBM is working with different clusters and coordination committees to promote disability inclusion. The Age & Disability Task Force (ADTF) is formed in Cox’s with Humanity & Inclusion, Help Age International, CDD and CBM. There are close communications with the different government authorities including the Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief (MoDMR) to promote disability inclusion.

Contact:

Centre for Disability in Development (CDD) CBM Country Coordination Office
A-18/6, Genda, Savar, Dhaka-1340, Bangladesh H.No-12, Road # 2/A, Block # F,
Phone: +88 01713021695 Banani, Dhaka-1213, Bangladesh
Email: cdd@bangla.net, nazmul.bari@yahoo.com Phone: +88 02 9887251
Website: www.cdd.org.bd Fax: +88 02 9896802
  Email: shahnawaz.qureshi@cbm.org

 

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